COVID-19 hits world's highest tourism job creating country Bangladesh hardest

- A Monitor Report 27 Mar, 2020 | 1634 Views|-+
Dhaka: The global travel and tourism industry is witnessing significant negative effects caused by the novel coronavirus pandemic which has infected 532,936 people worldwide resulting in 24,095 deaths till date. To contain the outbreak of the deadly virus, several governments all over the world have imposed total lockdown banning travel to and from the respective countries. In this regard, Bangladesh is no exception.

However, of all the countries, the tourism industry of Bangladesh has been hit the hardest as it generates the highest number of employment in the particular sector than any other country in the world, according to a study published by official-esta.com based on data from Knoema and The World Bank.

The study shows, Bangladesh creates 944 jobs in the tourism industry per 100 tourists that arrive, which is the highest in the world.

Furthermore, in 2018, the direct contribution of travel and tourism to employment in Bangladesh was 1,180.5 thousand persons. Direct contribution of travel and tourism to employment in Bangladesh increased from 534.1 thousand persons in 1999 to 1,180.5 thousand persons in 2018 growing at an average annual rate of 4.42 per cent.

However, China tops in this particular category. As of 2018, the direct contribution of travel and tourism to employment in China was 28,660.2 thousand persons that accounts for 22.85 per cent of the world's direct contribution of travel and tourism to employment.

The rest four in the top five following China - India, the USA, Philippines and Indonesia, respectively - account for 56.88 per cent of it in total. The world's total direct contribution of travel and tourism to employment was estimated at 125,428.2 thousand persons in 2018, states the study.

On the other hand, in 2018, the direct contribution of travel and tourism to employment (of GDP) in Bangladesh was 1.9 per cent and the direct contribution of travel and tourism to employment growth was 7.7 per cent.

Macau is tops in this regard. As of 2018, the direct contribution of travel and tourism to employment (of GDP) in Macau was 32.3 per cent. The top five also include Bahamas, Seychelles, Saint Kitts and Nevis, and Grenada.

However, Ethiopia is the top country by direct contribution of travel and tourism to employment growth globally. As of 2018, the direct contribution of travel and tourism to employment growth in Ethiopia was 41.6 per cent. The top five also include Ecuador, Egypt, Saint Kitts and Nevis, and Turkey.

Moreover, in the same year, the contribution of travel and tourism to GDP in Bangladesh was 4.4 per cent.

Macau again tops by contribution of travel and tourism to GDP in the world. As of 2018, contribution of travel and tourism to GDP in Macau was 72.2 per cent. The top five countries also include Seychelles, Maldives, Saint Kitts and Nevis, and Grenada.

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